3 Styles of Orthotics Used to Correct Foot Disorders

People who suffer from knee, back or joint pain may be able to prevent these problems simply by being fitted for orthotics. If your feet and legs are improperly aligned, then that can cause your skeletal system to be off-balance and cause chronic pain. Fortunately, by recommending one of the orthotic styles listed below, a foot and leg specialist may be able to treat and stop your pain from reoccurring.

Orthotic Styles

There are three types of orthotics that a podiatrist may recommend for you depending on the severity of your problem. They include:

  • Orthotic Shoe Insoles
  • Heat-moulded Orthotics
  • Custom-made Orthotics

Orthotic Shoe Insoles

There are a variety of shoe insoles that can be purchased off-the-shelf in places such as shoe stores, pharmacies or department stores. Some of the inserts are made to replace regular shoe inserts that have been worn out or lost, while others add an arch and/or heel support to shoes that have flatter insoles. If you have some foot, heel or knee pain, a podiatrist may recommend buying orthotic insoles to provide more support for your feet and legs.


Most prefabricated insoles are made from a flexible material called EVA that provides additional support for the foot without hurting the heel. Due to body weight and body heat, these insoles mould to the shape of the wearer’s foot and provide sufficient support for most people with problems like excessive pronation. You can expect to pay anywhere from $30 to $50 for these insoles.

Heat-moulded Orthotics

This is another type of off-the-shelf product designed to provide additional support for your feet and legs. They are also made from EVA, but with a medium-firm density. They can be heated to change their shape and your podiatrist may recommend adding wedges to them to give them a customised feel. They are pricier than the orthotic insoles and cost about $100 to $140 a pair.

Custom-made Orthotics

These shoe inserts are made from a rigid material and are designed for people with more severe problems than pronation, which is the most common type of biomechanical foot disorder. A podiatrist may prescribe custom-made orthotics to people with totally flat feet, whose feet roll outwards, who have large bunions, or foot deformities. Once a diagnosis has been made, the podiatrist will determine what the best orthotic treatment is to correct the issue.

If a custom-made orthotic is called for, a plaster impression of the patient’s foot will be made and sent to an orthotics laboratory. An exact replica of the underside of the foot is created and then sent to an orthotist, who will make the orthotic to help correct disorder. Custom-made orthotics can be expensive, but they can be used to support and correct the body’s alignment, which can prevent chronic pain in the legs, knees, feet, hips and back, making your quality of life worth the money spent.

A podiatrist will recommend the best type of orthotic to help correct your problem, whether it is an inexpensive one bought in a store or a custom-made orthotic designed to stabilise your body and correct the pronation or supination of your feet.